Financial accounting plays a vital role in the decision-making of any business setting. It provides a systematic way of recording, classifying, and summarizing the financial transactions of a business. The information generated helps managers, investors, creditors, and regulatory authorities to make informed decisions. Accounting data helps a company analyze product performance, know public perception, draft budgets, and plan long and short-term goals, to name a few. The help financial accounting provides to companies is undoubtedly valuable. Below are some of how the impacts of financial accounting on decision-making are seen;
What makes a company have many or fewer investors? Accounting data assist investors in assessing a company’s financial health and performance. The information provided by financial accounting makes it easy for investors to decide whether to buy, hold, or sell company shares. For instance, for investors who are into real estate, there are factors they use, like location, features, amenities, design, and security, for them to invest. They invest in a property whose future is promising. You want an investment that grows your money, not one which is stagnant or making losses.
Where a business stands, finances mean a lot to lenders. Lenders, such as financial institutions, use financial statements to assess a company’s creditworthiness before lending money. When lending, lenders need to know whether a company is in a position to refund a loan. So, through financial accounting information provided, lenders can determine whether to lend money to a company and at what interest rate. For example, many financial institutions cannot offer loans to a company that has been making losses and struggling for market presence. This is because a business must first work on its market existence and show the potential to make more money.
Many decisions must be made in a business, and managers need accurate information to avoid mistakes. Accounting information helps managers to make decisions about resource allocation, cost management, and performance evaluation. Managers can allocate resources per the company’s needs and interests through revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities, and equity information. Besides, a business can expand its market or close some branches through financial accounting. Managers must always be efficiently informed to ensure the appropriate action is taken on time, depending on the accounting data provided. Therefore, managers need basic knowledge and accounting skills to help them navigate different financial issues in an organization as they work with a qualified, competent, and experienced accountant.
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Companies must comply with financial reporting regulations and guidelines, such as the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). These regulations help maintain the credibility of a company’s financial statements and ensure decision-makers have access to accurate and reliable information. And failure to abide by financial rules, a business can face nasty lawsuits.
Furthermore, a company must collect accurate and consistent financial data to help it calculate the right amount of tax it should pay. Missing tax filing can land a business in trouble with the government. For example, remember the case of Keroche Breweries? The company was out of business for some months because it failed to pay taxes and faced some lawsuits with the government. As a business, you cannot file nil returns or fail to pay taxes, as it will cost the business a fortune.
Submitting to government and financial board regulations and guidelines saves your business time and money as you’ll not be in court now and then.
Financial accounting is critical in decision-making within organizations and the broader financial market. The accuracy and reliability of accounting information are essential for ensuring that decision-makers can make informed decisions supporting an organization’s financial health and sustainability.