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HomeEquipmentEquipment ArticleHow Concrete Slipform Paver Machines work? Its types and different models 

How Concrete Slipform Paver Machines work? Its types and different models 

Concrete slipform paving machines are specialized construction equipment used to create smooth and precise concrete surfaces, such as roads, highways, airport runways etc. These machines automate the process of pouring and shaping concrete, ensuring uniformity and accuracy in the final surface. As the machine moves forward, it continuously pours concrete onto the ground and uses adjustable forms to shape and mold the concrete into the desired dimensions. 

How does a concrete slipform machine work?

Concrete slipform paver machines work by continuously pouring and shaping concrete to create a smooth and uniform surface. The process involves several key steps:

1. Concrete Pouring; The slipform paver is equipped with a hopper that receives concrete from a concrete mixer or a truck. The concrete is continuously fed into the machine’s spreading auger, which evenly distributes the material across the desired width and thickness of the pavement.

2. Vibration and Consolidation: Vibrators are often integrated into the paver to help consolidate the concrete, removing air voids and ensuring proper compaction. This step enhances the durability and strength of the finished pavement.

3. Forming and Shaping: The slipform paver features adjustable molds or forms on either side of the machine, defining the shape and dimensions of the pavement. As the machine moves forward, the concrete is shaped and formed by these molds.

4. Steering and Control: The slipform paver is equipped with sensors and automated controls that help maintain the machine’s alignment and position. These sensors ensure that the paver stays on course and produces a uniform pavement surface.

5. Finishing Operations: Depending on the specific project requirements, additional finishing operations may be incorporated into the process. These can include the use of trowels or other tools to create a smooth and even surface texture.

6. Curing and Setting: Once the concrete has been laid and shaped, it needs time to cure and set. This is a critical phase in the process as it ensures the pavement’s strength and durability over time.

7. Continuous Movement; The slipform paver operates in a continuous manner, moving forward as the concrete is poured and shaped. 

As the machine moves along the designated path, it gradually completes the pavement section. Once the entire section is finished, the slipform paving machine can be moved to the next segment, and the process is repeated until the entire pavement is laid.

Types concrete slipform paver machines

1. Inset Slipform Pavers

 Inset pavers are utilized to create concrete pavements directly adjacent to existing structures, such as curbs, barriers, or walls. They are particularly useful in urban areas where space is limited and the seamless integration of new pavements with existing structures is important. Inset pavers help in achieving a smooth transition between the new pavement and the adjacent elements.

2. Offset Slipform Pavers

Offset pavers are extensively used in India to widen existing roads, highways, and urban streets. They allow for the creation of new lanes, shoulders, or medians alongside existing roadways without disrupting traffic flow. Offset pavers are vital for managing the increasing traffic demands on India’s road networks.

3. Texture/Curing Slipform Pavers

Texture and curing pavers are employed to provide specialized finishes to the concrete surface, ensuring better skid resistance and enhanced durability. The texturing mechanism creates surface patterns that improve traction and safety. Additionally, the curing apparatus manages the hydration process of the concrete, contributing to its long-term strength and performance.

4. Barrier Slipform Pavers:

Barrier pavers are used for the construction of safety barriers and parapets along highways, expressways, and other roadways. These barriers enhance road safety by preventing vehicles from veering off the road or crossing medians, and they are integral to India’s efforts to improve road safety standards.

5. Curbing Slipform Pavers

Curbing pavers are essential for creating concrete curbs, gutters, and small raised elements along road edges. These features define road boundaries, aid in water runoff management, and contribute to the overall aesthetics and functionality of roads, especially in urban areas.

Different types of concrete slipform paver models

2-Track Concrete Slipform Paver Machines for Extended Paving Length

The 2-track slipform paver is designed to efficiently and precisely pave concrete roads, highways, and other infrastructure projects. This machine incorporates innovative features that contribute to its exceptional performance. Equipped with a powerful engine and a hydrostatic drive system, the machine offers excellent traction and control, enabling it to navigate various terrains and gradients effortlessly. Its advanced electronic control system ensures precise steering and alignment, facilitating accurate concrete placement and reducing the need for manual intervention. The modular design allows for flexible adjustment of paving widths, making it adaptable to a wide range of road dimensions. Additionally, the machine features an automatic dowel bar inserter, streamlining the process of reinforcing joints with dowel bars for enhanced concrete pavement longevity and durability. With a width range of 2.75m to 13.5m, this heavy-duty slipform paver is operator-friendly, featuring a touch-screen control panel that provides real-time information for optimal adjustments during the paving process.

Apollo HEM 2-Track Slipform Paver

Slipform paver machines for single and double layer paving

The latest range of concrete paver machines accommodate both single and double layer paving. These machines are designed to create continuous, smooth, and precise concrete pavements, curbs, barriers, and other structures, whether involving single or double layer applications.

In single layer paving, the slipform paver machine pours and shapes a single layer of concrete, creating a uniform and seamless surface. This method is commonly employed for standard roadways, highways, and urban streets. The extrusion process of the machine ensures even spreading and leveling of the concrete, resulting in durable and aesthetically pleasing pavement. In double layer paving, two separate concrete layers are poured and shaped by the slipform paver machine. The first layer, known as the base or leveling layer, establishes a strong foundation and desired elevation. The second layer, referred to as the wearing course, determines the final appearance and texture of the pavement. This method is particularly valuable for constructing roads or pavements requiring enhanced durability and specialized surface textures.

Wirtgen SP 1600 Slipform pavers

Concrete Slipform Paver Machine with Adjustable Paving Track

The latest concrete slipform machines can pave widths of up to 16 feet with the standard frame and up to 24 feet with frame inserts. Available in two-track or four-track configurations, these machines feature telescoping capabilities of up to six feet on the left side. Equipped with a digital control system, the machine easily interfaces with stringline or 3D machine guidance for precise slipforming. Its modular design allows swift adjustments to the paving width, ensuring flexibility to accommodate varying road dimensions and specifications.

The paver boasts a T-beam mounting rail for accurate mold positioning, a U-shaped operator’s platform for easy access and excellent visibility, and the ability to slipform bidirectional barriers using the four-track setup. Furthermore, the four-track version includes smart steering technology with rotary-sensored slew drives on all tracks, enabling improved manoeuvrability. It is also equipped with safety features such as accessible emergency stop buttons, a backup alarm, track guards, warning decals, and excellent operator visibility. Additionally, it is adaptable for unique tasks, such as slipforming barriers with or against traffic.

Gomaco GP-2400 Slipform Paver

Concrete Slipform Paving Machine with String Line Sensor System

The latest range of concrete slipform machines comes with a unique “String Line Sensor” system, ensuring accurate alignment and maintaining the machine’s correct path during paving. The machine also has a “Super Smoother” feature which makes the finished surface really smooth after paving completion. Another beneficial feature is the “Oscillation Correction Beam,” which rectifies any irregularities caused by inserting dowel bars into the concrete.

The machine also features a “Dowel Bar Inserter” for efficient insertion of dowel bars into the concrete structure. Flexible track adjustment, like the “Slewable 4 Crawler Tracks,” in the machine allows for efficient steering and turning. The machine also has an intuitive control system, integrated into a user-friendly dashboard, making operation easy.

Ajax Slipform Paver SPX 754


India’s expanding road networks, metro rail systems, and infrastructure projects have led to a surge in demand for well-constructed roads, highways, and pavements. Concrete slipform paver machines are capable of laying concrete with exceptional accuracy and uniformity, reducing the need for extensive manual labour and expediting project completion. With their ability to ensure consistent and high-quality results, these machines have significantly reduced construction time and costs while improving the durability and longevity of the surfaces. As technology advances, we can anticipate even more innovative features being integrated into these machines, further enhancing their capabilities. 

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